Masanari Murai (1905-1999) was a well-known pioneer of modernist painting in Japan. He was born in Ogaki City in Gifu. He studied art in both Japan and in Paris. On March 29, 2005, in the 100th anniversary year of his birth, the Masanari Murai Memorial Museum of Art, Tokyo was opened. His work is also in the Museum of Modern Art in Tokyo and Museum of Modern Art in Kyoto.