Subject illustrated: Catalogue of the Van Gogh Museum's Collection of Japanese Prints. Pl 415
In Kuniyoshi's time, it was believed that when a girl visited a temple after dark, she took the risk of being greeted by an old woman who would offer her to stay the night. Once inside the house, the old woman would become a witch and devour her. Therefore, a cat around a temples could be the witch in a cat form.