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  • Raiko and the Earth Spider, Kabuki Actor Onoe Kikugoro as the Earth Spider


Kunichika (1835 - 1900)

Raiko and the Earth Spider, Kabuki Actor Onoe Kikugoro as the Earth Spider

Medium: Woodblock Print
Date: 1887
Size (H x W): 14.5 x 29.5 (inches)
Publisher: Yamamura
Signature: Toyohara Kunichika hitsu
Conditon: Very good color, impression and state, very slight running of red.

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One day the master samurai Minamoto Raiko fell ill one day and was in the care of a young servant boy. The young boy fed him medicine every day but Raiko continued to fall deeper and deeper into illness. Suspicious of trickery, Raiko pierced the servant through the heart breaking the spell he was under. The boy ran off and Raiko followed his trails of blood until he spotted a large spider with a hole through its chest.

About the artist

Kunichika Toyohara was born Yasohachi Arakawa, the son of a public bathhouse proprietor in the artisan section of Edo. As a young man, he studied with the ukiyo-e artist Chikanobu, from whom he received his artist name. He then apprenticed under Kunisada and began to produce actor prints in the Utagawa style, though he never used the Utagawa name. Kunichika married and had one daughter, though his marriage ended due to his questionable personal conduct.

Known for his actor okubi-e (big-head portraits), Kunichika's prints captured a traditional genre with the bold new colors of aniline dyes. He made great use of the deep, scarlet red to dramatic effect. In addition, he produced some historical prints and journalistic illustrations. Passionate about kabuki theater, Kunichika regularly spent time backstage, sketching the actors and watching the plays. This wealth of personal experience in the theater lends an intimacy to his impeccable yakusha-e (actor prints). Before the Meiji Restoration of 1868, Kunichika was chosen by the Japanese government to present his work at the 1867 World Exhibition in Paris.