Nakayama Sugakudo was a mid-19th century ukiyo-e artist. Though the exact dates of his birth and death are unknown, he flourished between 1850 and 1861. A student of Hiroshige, Sugakudo is best known for his kacho-e (bird-and-flower prints), particularly for his series Exact Reproductions of Forty-Eight Birds (1858) and Birds and Flowers of the Four Seasons (1861). These prints are acclaimed for their realistic rendering of the natural world, as well as their delicacy of color, fine embossing, and high technical quality.
“The true sign of intelligence is not knowledge but imagination.” - Albert Einstein