In 1582, in the village of Ogurusu in Yamashiro province, Akechi Mitsuhide killed the military leader Oda Nobunaga and proclaimed himself shogun. Lacking the proper forces to secure his power, Mitsuhide was overthrown by Toyotomi Hideyoshi after only thirteen days. Following a decisive defeat, Mitsuhide fled toward his own castle at Sakamoto. As he passed through the village of Ogurusu on his way, he was ambushed and killed by local peasants. The figure of a stalwart peasant dominates the foreground of Yoshitoshi’s unusual composition. In the distance, an unsuspecting Mitsuhide approaches from the left in the moonlight. Clad in full armor and an elaborate helmet, he rides to his inglorious end.