Hotei is the god of good fortune and happiness and is one of the Seven Gods of Luck. He is often depicted as a jolly round man in untidy clothing carrying a huge bag of treasures. Hotei is identified with the 10th-century Chinese monk Budai, who wandered about the country carrying his belongings in a linen bag. Many people believed that this carefree, wandering monk was in fact an incarnation of Maitreya, the Buddha of the Future. Yoshitoshi titled this work “Moon of Enlightenment,” referring to the child-like wonder on the god’s face. Finger outstretched towards the full moon, the jovial figure reclines against his bag, a Chinese-style fan resting on his knee. His long earlobes indicate his immortality.