In 10th-century Japan, sarugaku was a comic performance filled with song and dance. By the 15th century, the art form had developed into noh, with its comedic interludes called kyogen. In this design, Yoshitoshi appears to show people on their way to such a noh performance. High-ranking persons, such as the gentleman in the foreground, could watch the show from a raised veranda, while lower-ranking people, such as the men in the background, had to watch from the ground. Yoshitoshi depicts the latter group in near caricature with umbrellas shouldered in case of rain. With his lavish outfit, static pose, and quiet composure, the figure in the foreground evokes the character of noh theater, while the active bodies and animated faces of the commoners mirror the informality of kyogen.