Dressed in kamoshimo (formal samurai clothing) paired with an enormous head, Fukusuke statues are said to be bringers of good luck. In this design, Utamaro depicts this lucky figure as a guest of two beauties. As he examines his unusually large head in the hand mirror, one woman combs his hair, while the other prepares his clothing.
During the Edo period, figurines of Fukusuke would be enshrined in tea houses and brothels to attract good luck and wealth. It is said that the figure was based on a real individual named Sataro, who lived during the early 18th to early 19th century. Born with a form of dwarfism, he worked at fair show booths. He was very popular in Edo, where people began to call him Fukusuke (luck bringer) instead of the Fugusuke (an ugly one, a derogatory term used to described disabled people at the time). When he produced pottery dolls in his likeness, the dolls enjoyed the same popularity did.