Obon is a popular summer celebration in Japan. Held during the full moon, spirits of the dead temporarily return to earth to visit their living descendants. This Buddhist festival is a merry one, filled with celebration in the form of song, dance and delicious meals. Families leave offerings of food for their ancestors and hang lanterns to guide their way to and from the spirit realm. In this print, Yoshitoshi presents a group dressed in yukata (summer kimono) performing bon odori, a traditional dance with singing and hand clapping. The gleeful dancers ascend the left side of the composition towards the full moon. Faced with the rapid modernization of his time, Yoshitoshi treasured traditional Japanese customs such as this festival.