Hosoe's visual language is mythical, theatrical, and evokes his memories. In 1959, young dancer Tatsumi Hijikata held a performance in a small theater in Tokyo, and Hosoe, who viewed the performance, was deeply impressed. The human body was to become Hosoe's constant preoccupation. Hijitaka achieved notoriety and subsequently became the founder of Butoh dance, together with Kazuo Ohno, the Butoh dancer featured in Hosoe;s image. Hosoe applies his mastery of printing techniques to these photographic dramas. Photography functions as a language, and the human body as his subject. His works are held in the permanent collections of the National Museum of Art, Kyoto, Japan; Museum of Modern Art, New York, USA; International Museum of Photography, George Eastman House, Rochester, USA; Victoria and Albert Museum, London, UK; Museum of Modern Art, Paris, France; Centre de Georges Pompidou, Paris, France; National Gallery of Australia, Canberra, Australia; Art Institute of Chicago, USA; Hamburg Museum of Art, Hamburg, Germany; and Tokyo Metropolitan Museum of Photography, Tokyo, Japan, among others.