Born in Hyogo prefecture, Rakusan Tsuchiya worked in Kyoto and produced many self published kacho-e, or bird and flower prints. In 1913, he became the pupil of the influential painter Seiho Takeuchi. Working under the name ‘Rakusan Koshisei’ as well, Rakusan found success in printmaking from the 1920s through 1950s. Between 1929 and 1933, he produced his most popular woodblock series, Rakusan Kacho Gafu (Rakusan Flower and Bird Series), composed of 100 large-scale woodblock prints based on paintings he had completed between 1925 and 1929. The series was in such demand that many designs were printed through 1955, when his studio closed. He also produced the how-to book The Art of Rakusan Tsuchiya, Famous Print Maker of Japan during the 1950s.