Toyotomi Hideyoshi conquered all of Japan at the end of the 16th century, but did not have an heir for many years. He therefore adopted his sister's son and gave him the name Hidetsugu. The relationship quickly soured. Within two years, a true heir was born to Hideyoshi and he turned against his adopted son. Hideyoshi imprisoned the unfortunate young man in a temple and eventually had him killed. Here, Hidetsugu is shown reflecting on his unhappy fate. The poem describes the melancholy sight of the autumn moon seen through a window with bamboo bars. He sits upon an extravagant piece of fabric, head bowed in contemplation. To the left of the composition, a retainer waits by his master.