Located in the city of Chikuma in Nagano Prefecture, Mount Kamuriki is widely known as Mount Obasute. The term obasute means “abandoning an old woman,” a folkloric practice of abandoning the elderly in the woods to die when they became too much of a burden. Thought to have originated from Indian Buddhist mythology, legends of this practice can be found through Japanese folklore, literature, and theater. In Yoshitoshi’s interpretation of this grim practice, an old woman clings to the back of a young man, feet bare as they walk to her death. A gnarled old pine tree and the half-hidden moon cast a melancholy atmosphere over the scene. The figures appear distant, expressionless, and secondary to the ancient pine that cuts through the composition.