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Hiroshige (1797 - 1858)

Buzen Province, The Passage Under the Rakan Monastery

Series: Famous Places in the 60-odd Provinces
Medium: Woodblock Print
Date: 1854
Size (H x W): 14.5 x 9.75 (inches)
Publisher: Koshimuraya Heisuke (Koshihei)
Seals: Date and Aratame
Signature: Hiroshige hitsu
Condition: Very good color, good impression, light soiling on right edge, light stain and small hole on right margin, binding marks on left margin, light album backing.
$3,200.00

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Description

Nestled in the rocky cliffside, Rakan Temple is a Zen Buddhist site that dates to the 13th century. Its caves host thousands of statues of rakan, disciples of Buddha, who are worthy or have attained nirvana. In this design, Hiroshige foregoes the temple itself to focus on the rugged caves at the cliff base. Tiny pilgrims can be seen through the many cave openings. The four square holes cut into the rock appear to serve as windows, illuminating the sculptures within. Today, the former Buzen Province belongs to northern Fukuoka Prefecture and Oita Prefecture.

About the artist

Born in Edo as Tokutaro Ando, Hiroshige Utagawa grew up in a minor samurai family. His father belonged to the firefighting force assigned to Edo Castle. It is here that Hiroshige was given his first exposure to art: legend has it that a fellow fireman tutored him in the Kano school of painting, though Hiroshige’s first official teacher was Rinsai. Though Hiroshige tried to join Toyokuni Utagawa's studio, he was turned away. In 1811, young Hiroshige entered an apprenticeship with the celebrated Toyohiro Utagawa. After only a year, he was bestowed with the artist name Hiroshige. He soon gave up his role in the fire department to focus entirely on painting and print design. During this time he studied painting, intrigued by the Shijo school. Hiroshige’s artistic genius went largely unnoticed until 1832.

In Hiroshige Utagawa's groundbreaking series of Japanese woodblock prints, The 53 Stations of the Tokaido (1832-1833), he captured the journey along the Tokaido road, the highway connecting Edo to Kyoto, the imperial capital. With the Tokugawa Shogunate relaxing centuries of age-old restrictions on travel, urban populations embraced travel art and Hiroshige Utagawa became one of the most prominent and successful ukiyo-e artists. He also produced kacho-e (bird-and-flower pictures) to enormous success. In 1858, at the age of 61, he passed away as a result of the Edo cholera epidemic.

Hiroshige Utagawa’s woodblock prints continue to convey the beauty of Japan and provide insight into the everyday life of its citizens during the Edo period. The appeal of his tender, lyrical landscapes was not restricted to the Japanese audience. Hiroshige’s work had a profound influence on the Impressionists and Post-Impressionists of Europe: Toulouse-Lautrec was fascinated with Hiroshige’s daring diagonal compositions and inventive use of perspective, while Van Gogh literally copied two of Hiroshige's prints from the famous series, 100 Famous Views of Edo in oil paint.