Nestled in the rocky cliffside, Rakan Temple is a Zen Buddhist site that dates to the 13th century. Its caves host thousands of statues of rakan, disciples of Buddha, who are worthy or have attained nirvana. In this design, Hiroshige foregoes the temple itself to focus on the rugged caves at the cliff base. Tiny pilgrims can be seen through the many cave openings. The four square holes cut into the rock appear to serve as windows, illuminating the sculptures within. Today, the former Buzen Province belongs to northern Fukuoka Prefecture and Oita Prefecture.